The Startup Fundraising Playbook
DocSend Startup Index provides data-driven insights into what the latest fundraising trends are and how to succeed.
About Our Research
DocSend’s fundraising research, the DocSend Startup Index, provides insights into how startups raise capital at various stages in their lifecycle. We study how founders craft their pitch decks, seek meetings, and pitch investors in order to uncover fundraising trends and evaluate changing investor behaviors.
Our data-driven research demystifies the startup fundraising process and answers many questions founders have about what goes into a venture-backed raise.
Our Approach to Research
We combine survey data on elements like demographic trends and investor outreach strategies with proprietary data from DocSend’s platform that reveals how pitch decks are structured and consumed. We also use qualitative data from industry experts that highlights lived experiences behind the numbers.
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Pre-Seed Startup Fundraising: All You Need To Know
Pre-Seed Fundraising Trends
Between 2021 and 2022, we found that investors spent less time reviewing pitch decks than ever before. We also identified four new trends that have emerged alongside a more investor-friendly fundraising marketplace in 2022.
VCs now spending less time on pre-seed decks
Compared to 2021, investors have spent much less time scrutinizing pre-seed pitch decks in 2022. They’ve also become quicker to get to “no” with decks that don’t resonate.
When we compare first and subsequent visits to pitch decks, our data shows another sharp divergence between 2021 and 2022. Investors in 2022 are spending more time on follow-up visits for decks that don’t ultimately receive funding.
Read all pre-seed fundraising trends
Investor-friendly market reveals four new trends
Between 2021 and 2022, four trends emerged in VC scrutiny of pitch decks. First, in 2022 VCs spent 52% less time on the product sections of successful decks. Second, they spent 42% less time on the business model section. These two trends mean that founders have less time than ever to make these all-important sections stand out. At the same time, the brief company purpose section was the third-most scrutinized section in 2022–this section was squarely in the middle of the pack in 2020 and 2021. Lastly, traction was a key factor differentiating unsuccessful decks: VCs spent 41% more time on this section in 2022 compared to 2021 for decks that didn’t receive funding.
Read all pre-seed fundraising trendsPre-seed pitch deck trends: Compared to 2021, investors in 2022 spent 52% less time on the product section and 42% less time on the business model section. The company purpose section had the third-longest viewing time. Click To Tweet
Access to pre-seed capital remains global
In 2021-22, the Northeastern United States had a plurality of companies in our dataset, with the Western United States hot on its heels. However, there is a higher percentage of pre-seed companies located outside the US than ever before. This geographic distribution suggests that easier access to capital from outside the traditional Silicon Valley hub is a post-pandemic trend that’s here to stay.
Pre-Seed Pitch Deck Analysis
The order of sections within decks was broadly similar for successful and unsuccessful companies. Where both groups had a certain section, that section was roughly in the same place. However, successful companies in our dataset tended to have their business model and fundraising goals sections at the end of the deck, whereas unsuccessful companies put them at the beginning and middle, respectively.
Pre-Seed Pitch Deck Template
To help pre-seed founders create effective pitch decks, we launched a section-by-section guide to the art and science of pitch deck construction. This guide builds on our pre-seed research and highlights what’s unique about pre-seed decks compared to later rounds. We also created deck templates that founders can customize with their unique company stories.
Seed Startup Fundraising: All You Need To Know
Seed Fundraising Trends
VC caution increased in 2022 compared to 2021, and we found that investors spent less time than ever reviewing seed stage pitch decks. We also identified three trends that marked investor scrutiny in a more challenging fundraising climate.
VCs spend less time on seed decks in 2022
As we saw at the pre-seed stage, investors spent less time scrutinizing seed decks (both successful and unsuccessful) in 2022 versus 2021.
When we compare first and subsequent visits to decks, our data again shows that investors moved through decks quicker in 2022. However, they gave a bit extra (critical) scrutiny to unsuccessful decks that failed to convince on a first read.
Read all seed fundraising trendsSeed fundraising trend: Investors spent 233% more time on the business model sections of decks in @DocSend’s data set that didn't get funded. Click To Tweet
Investors zero in on three differentiators in 2022
VCs grew more cautious in 2022, and our data shows three key trends in how they evaluated seed companies. First, even though time-on-deck metrics fell overall, VCs spent 28% more time on the traction sections of decks that got funding in 2022 compared to 2021. At the same time, they spent 56% less time on the solution sections of successful decks. Finally, VCs spent 233% more time scrutinizing the business model sections of decks that ultimately didn’t get funded. These trends signal that investors prioritized clear and concise storytelling but leaned in on meaningful traction metrics as signs of momentum at a time of economic uncertainty.
Read all seed fundraising trends
Contacting more investors doesn’t yield better results
Reaching out to more investors can yield more meetings, but our data shows that many successful founders raised their seed round by contacting 80 or fewer VCs. There was a much weaker correlation between the number of investors contacted and the amount of funding raised. Seed founders should continue to build relationships with the right investors who fund companies in their field instead of creating time-consuming outreach plans. Pitching smarter, not harder, continues to be an effective strategy.
Seed Pitch Deck Analysis
When it comes to the order of seed deck sections, several important patterns emerge when comparing successful and unsuccessful decks. Successful decks tended to put the all-important team slide toward the front of the deck whereas unsuccessful ones more often put it near the middle or end. Relatedly, unsuccessful decks tended to put their product section at the middle of the deck whereas successful decks highlighted it up front.
Seed Pitch Deck Template
To help seed stage founders build effective pitch decks, we launched a section-by-section guide to the art and science of pitch deck construction. The guide builds on our seed research and shows how seed decks differ from pre-seed decks. We also created deck templates that founders can customize with their unique company stories.
Series A Startup Fundraising: All You Need To Know
Series A Fundraising Trends
Succeeding in Series A fundraise calls for a more forward-looking approach. The rounds are much bigger and the meeting acceptance rate is much higher. Investors want to see scalability and positioning for the future.
Successful Series A decks focus on the future
Read all Series A fundraising trends
Traction needs to be repeatable and varied
One of the reasons Series A fundraising decks are longer is because companies need robust traction sections. Earlier-stage companies might show only one type of traction, whereas Series A companies need to show multiple forms of traction–such as awards or profit/loss metrics–to indicate to VCs the strength of the product/market fit. Further, companies need to show that these types of traction are repeatable over the long term.
Read all Series A fundraising trends
Choose your lead investor carefully
Nearly all (88%) of the companies that successfully raised had previous investors participate in their Series A round. But how do companies choose who leads the round? Only 8% of companies reported choosing a lead based on a brand name; by contrast, 30% chose their lead because they had industry-specific experience, and 23% because their lead offered the best terms. These figures show that the name on the check matters less than the type of deal being made or the sector expertise and connections a lead investor can offer.
Series A Pitch Deck Analysis
Read all Series A fundraising trendsSeries A pitch deck trend: Investors at the Series A round tend to spend more time on three key sections: product, business model, and solution vs. purpose, why now, and competition in seed decks. Click To Tweet
Gender & Race Bias in Startup Fundraising
Absolute gains, relative disparities
VC interest in funding startups skyrocketed in 2021, but a rising tide has not lifted all boats equally. On the one hand, our data showed that all early-stage (pre-seed and seed) teams raised more thanks to record-setting amounts of available capital. On the other hand, disparities remain for all-female teams and teams with minority members.* For example, all-female teams raised 25% less than all-male teams on average.
Some underrepresented founders saw much more VC engagement early on in the fundraising process, but that initial interest didn’t translate into funding commitments. All-female teams with minority members averaged 57% more meetings than their peers while raising less than any other demographic.
Read more about fundraising bias
Pitch deck scrutiny and gender
Investors spent the most time overall scrutinizing the team sections for all-female decks, averaging 130% more time on this section than for all-male teams and 157% more time than for mixed-gender teams. For all-male teams, the team slide had one of the lowest viewing times.
By contrast, the disparity went the other way when it came to the product section. VCs spent 105% more time scrutinizing the product sections of all-male decks than all-female decks (and 78% more time than mixed-gender product sections). For all-female teams, the product section was one of the least-scrutinized.
VCs spent about the same amount of time scrutinizing the business models of all-male and mixed-gender teams. However, investors averaged 43% more time on this section for all-female teams. The relative importance of the team and business model sections for all-female teams suggests that investors were especially concerned about whether these teams had the right members to monetize a product.
Read more about fundraising bias
Pitch deck scrutiny and race
When we break down deck scrutiny by racial demographics, several sections stand out in particular. Investors spent 20% more time on the product sections of decks by teams with minority member(s) and 67% more time on the market size sections for these teams. By contrast, investors spent nearly 50% more time scrutinizing the business model sections of all-white teams.
The competition section shows the largest discrepancy between all-white and diverse teams. Investors spent 78% more time on this section for teams with minority member(s). These discrepancies indicate that for diverse teams, VCs focused on whether a company’s product-market fit stood out from other players in that company’s sector. This focus may have been more critical, since diverse teams in our dataset raised less than teams without minority member(s).
Read more about fundraising bias
Pitch Deck Interest Metrics
- Founder links created: Number of pitch deck links founders send out
- Investor deck interactions: How actively VCs are on those decks
- Investor time spent: Average time investors spend reading decks
To learn more about our Pitch Deck Interest metrics and follow our regular analyses of fundraising activity, check out our weekly fundraising trends tracker.